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How to Read CBD Oil Lab Results

Reading lab reports can be confusing and overwhelming.
To simplify things for you, we've created a guide to show you what to look for when reading the lab results of CBD oil products.


1. CANNABINOIDS LAB TESTS - OVERVIEW

Different strains of the hemp plant can have different levels of cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Therefore, before harvesting the hemp plant, it is essential to evaluate its cannabinoid content. Our testing continues even after we have extracted the CBD oil from the hemp, following harvest. Once tested, this CBD oil is used to formulate products such as capsules, tinctures, and balms. To ensure that our products deliver on the promise of cannabinoid potency and purity, we do a final test before making them available to you.

What's Included:

A lab report containing cannabinoid profile may list 1 to 15 Cannabinoids.

Things to Consider:

  •   - CBD and THC % or Concentration
  •   - In Capsules/Softgels, concentrations may be reported as total amount of CBD and THC (mg) contained per capsule
  •   - In Tinctures, concentrations may be reported as total amount of CBD and THC (mg) contained per ml

Note: Compare the Lab report against CBD content per serving listed on the Label. CBD concentration reported on the lab report result must match information provided on the product label or package. THC content should be less than 0.3%.

HOW TO READ CANNABINOIDS LAB TESTING REPORTS

Here's the Cannabinoid report for 10mg CBD Oil Capsules. The lab report indicates that each capsule has a CBD concentration of 10.21 mg. Which is more than the label claim of 10mg CBD Oil per capsule. There is no detected THC amount. These levels conform to our quality standards.


2. HEAVY METALS LAB TESTS - OVERVIEW

Each soil type has a unique composition. As a result, some soil types have higher levels of heavy metals than others, either naturally or through contamination. Being bioaccumulators, hemp plants can accumulate metals such as arsenic, cadmium, lead, and mercury.

What's Included:

A lab report containing Heavy Metals lists 4 heavy metals - Mercury, Lead, Arsenic and Cadmium.

Things to Consider:

  •   - Name and type of Heavy Metal
  •   - Heavy Metal concentration listed in parts per million (PPM)

HOW TO READ HEAVY METAL LAB TESTING REPORTS

Here's the Heavy Metal lab report of 10mg CBD Oil Capsules.

The lab report indicates Parts Per Million of a particular heavy metal contained per unit.


3. RESIDUAL SOLVENTS LAB TESTS - OVERVIEW

CBD extraction involves the use of solvents, which need to be removed before the product is available for use. We constantly scrutinize our products for the presence of residual solvents.

What's Included:

A lab report containing residual solvents can list as many as 20 residual solvents.

Things to Consider:

    • Name and type of Solvent along with concentration in Parts Per Million (PPM), reporting limits, and PASS/FAIL status

Note: Cannabinoids, terpenes, and other compounds are extracted from hemp plant material using solvents such as ethanol and supercritical CO2. In some cases, the extracted material might still contain trace amounts of the solvent.

HOW TO READ RESIDUAL SOLVENTS LAB TESTING REPORTS

Here's the residual solvent profile of 10mg CBD Oil Capsules.

The lab report indicates that this product contains detectable levels of ethanol that are well below the 5000 parts per million (ppm) limit for residual solvents established by the United States Pharmacopeia (USP).

All other solvents are non-detectable.


4. MICROBIOLOGICAL CONTAMINANTS LAB TESTS - OVERVIEW

Hemp can be exposed to microbes, through the environment in which it is grown and the manner in which it is handled, processed, packaged, and stored. The only way to ensure that CBD oil products are free of microbial contamination is through constant testing of raw material and finished product. At BEDRE Wellness, we continually screen for microbiological contamination.

What's Included:

A lab report on microbiological contaminants can contain information about the presence of microorganisms and pathogens in the product. These include Aerobic Microbes, Coliform, Salmonella, E.coli, Yeast, and Mold.

Things to Consider:

      • Name and type of microorganism along with quantity per unit in Colony Forming Units per gram (CFU/g), and specified CFU/g limits

HOW TO READ MICROBIOLOGICAL CONTAMINANTS LAB TESTING REPORTS

Results in the report below show that there are negligible levels of microbial presence in the product.

Therefore, this is a microbially safe product to use.


5. MYCOTOXIN TESTING - OVERVIEW

  • Our tests throughly scan for mycotoxins typically found in fungi that can grow on hemp.

What's Included:

A lab report on mycotoxins can list the presence of toxins such as aflatoxin and ochratoxin in the product. These are present in fungi that can grow on parts of the hemp plant.

Things to Consider:

        • Name and type of mycotoxin along with quantity in parts per billion (ppb) and mycotoxin status in terms of PASS or FAIL
        •  
        • Note: There can be traces of mycotoxins in extracted hemp material. These can be screened by following standardized testing procedures.

HOW TO READ MYCOTOXIN LAB TESTING REPORTS

These results indicate that mycotoxin levels are less than 3 parts per billion.

This accounts for the PASS status.


6. PESTICIDES TESTING - OVERVIEW

  • To deliver on our promise of providing you with CBD oil products derived from organically-grown hemp, we test our tinctures, capsules, and balms for pesticides. Hemp is a bioaccumulator that is capable of drawing organic and inorganic material, such as pesticides, from the soil and must therefore be continuously tested.

What's Included:

A lab report on pesticides can contain details about the number of pesticides and the amount of individual pesticides in the product.

Things to Consider:

  •   - Name and type of pesticide along with quantity in parts per billion (ppb)
  •   - Pesticide status in terms of PASS, FAIL, or *
  •   - A pesticide result of ND indicates non-detectable levels of that pesticide
  •   - A pesticide status of * indicates absence of pesticides of interest in pre-spiked samples
      •  

HOW TO READ PESTICIDES LAB TESTING REPORTS

These results indicate that pesticide levels in the 10 mg CBD capsules are non-detectable, meaning that they are below the detection limit.

They are also below the pesticide ingestion limits established by the State of California.

This accounts for the PASS status all throughout.

 

*Note: There can be variations of up to 10% in reported results due to differences in testing methodologies, raw material variations (batch to batch), handling, sample preparation, testing materials & standards, human error, and changes in product over time.